Latin America and the Caribbean has abundant renewable energy resources. It is estimated that only 22% of hydropower potential and 4.2% of other renewable energies are exploited today (OLADE 2011).
However, 58% of the electricity produced is hydroelectric, and 3% comes from other renewable sources such as biomass, geothermal, solar and wind; 61% of electric generation is renewable. As for other forms of energy, demand for the Region (2009) is 26% of renewable energy.
In spite of its "renewable" nature, social and environmental impacts that can result from its use and the limitations of economic feasibility depending on the type of energy source, renewable energy sources are a sector that needs special attention for its sustainable development.