Energy is a factor, together with the change in land use, key factor in climate change. The use of fossil fuels, environmental impacts of renewable or non-renewable energy use are closely related to global phenomenon.
Its effects bring social, economic, energy and environment consequences with increasing costs for countries.
Therefore, measures that could contribute to its reduction, mitigation and adaptation in the energy sector should be addressed.
In the "Declaration of Managua" result of the XLI Meeting of Energy Ministers of OLADE, in 2010, it was considered the following:
"... The energy sector, through the intensive use of fossil fuels, significantly affects the environment through the emission of pollutants. Although Latin America and the Caribbean contribute only with 5% of global emissions, it is important to take measures to reduce or mitigate its effects ...”
So much so, that in that document, it was declared the following:
"... Set goals for the year 2025, a reduction of energy consumption by 12% at regional level; and the inclusion of 25% of renewable resources in the primary energy matrix in the region, in line with the differentiated values of the energy situation of each country.
To instruct the Permanent Secretariat to support its member countries in defining individual goals for energy efficiency and renewable energy share resources and baselines to measure the fulfillment of commitments, and report on progress in the next Meeting of Ministers ...