Gender mainstreaming in Hivos domestic biogas and improved cook stoves programmes
This paper contributes to the discussion on a gender mainstreaming policy and strategy for Hivos programmes on renewable energy, by focusing on two key activities: improved cook stoves and domestic biogas. In this paper, cooking energy and lighting are the two main focal programme areas of Hivos in renewable energy, since this is where Hivos experiences lie and these can have the biggest impact at household level. This paper is structured in the following manner: first, a concise framework for analyzing gender and renewable energy is given, then a general overview on gender and renewable energy is presented based on a literature review, followed by an analysis of Hivos experiences. Subsequently, policy recommendations for Hivos policy on gender mainstreaming in relation to renewable energy are given. For this paper, lessons on gender mainstreaming -coming from both Hivos own experiences as well as from other actors- have been used. A brief review of relevant literature was part of the methodology, as well as interviews with key Hivos staff. A follow-up discussion within Hivos is foreseen, for which this paper is one of the inputs. The aim of this paper is to determine which results can(not) be achieved through gender mainstreaming, both at the programme level and towards the objective of improving womens position and how these lessons can be fed into current and future programmes on renewable energy.